What Is Evp Flooring
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What Is EVP Flooring? Such A Versatile Material 2024

What is EVP flooring? Should I choose it for my house’s floor? It is always a difficult decision when picking the best flooring material for your house, right? Almost everyday activities take place on the floor, so you have to choose the material wildly.

Don’t freak out! I will show you the suitable situation for using EVP flooring and which type of EVP you should pick. Read thoroughly! You don’t want to miss the vital information.

Evp Floorings Is Style Wood Like Material
If you want to cover your floor with other in-style wood-like material, try EVP floorings.

EVP In A Nutshell

EVP (aka engineered vinyl plank) is a vinyl-based floor that has been strengthened with a rigid core. The attached cored makes EVP thicker and more rigid than the traditional vinyl material.

The floor manufacturers want to create a high-density core layer by combining several floor components. As a result, EVP is a hybrid material of luxury vinyl planks (LVP), laminate, and engineered hardwood.

As a manufactured product, EVP comes with different styles and patterns. This material can mimic wood and stone surfaces flawlessly. This feature makes this material so popular as it can give your house the appearance of fancy material at a low price.

EVP is a waterproof and durable flooring material. It is commonly used in high-traffic areas of your house because it can endure foot traffic with minimum damage. The average expected lifespan of EVP can last up to 30 or more years.

With the interlocking technology, gluing EVP is not required while installing. As a result, installing EVP takes a short amount of time, convenient for those who have to move often.

Let’s have a look at a quick overview of EVP.

Watch this video: Engineered Vinyl Plank Flooring

Five Technical Layers Of EVP

EVP is famous for its superior durability. Here is why: The material has five different layers that enhance its endurance and protect the surface from scratches. Let’s start from the bottom of the plank.

Structural Back Layer

This layer is made of foam or cork, which gives comfort to underfoot feelings. The layer also absorbs noise and stabilizes the subfloor for your floor. This underlayment protects other layers of the plank from the original floor.

Rigid Stone-Based Core

The rigid stone-based core makes EVP stand out from other vinyl floorings because it adds endurability to help the material stable and hide the subfloor’s imperfections. Usually, there are two types of EVP core (SPC and WPC) that you can choose depending on your needs.

Vinyl Layer

This is a beautiful vinyl layer with a waterproof characteristic. The layer plays an essential role in protecting the EVP from water or any kind of moisture that can threaten other layers.

Decor Layer

The decorative layer is made from vinyl which can replicate the natural patterns of other materials like woods, stones, tile, or even ceramic. You can choose your favorite type of pattern to costume your house.

Excellent Styles Of Colors And Textures
EVP has many excellent styles of colors and textures that you can choose.

Some manufacturers produce EVP with EIR (embossed in register) vinyl patterns. These patterns allow you to feel the texture of the material. This feature takes the realistic feeling of the EVP flooring onto the next level.

Protective Wear Layer

This topcoat layer protects the material from scratches and stains with a thick, heavy-duty plastic transparent protective layer. The thickness of this layer will dictate the cost of the whole EVP floorings.

So, if you plan to place the floor in a high-traffic area, consider using EVP with a thick wear layer.

Two Subcategories Of EVP

The layer that makes EVP different with its durability is the rigid core layer. There are two types of EVP core that you can choose in manufacturing EVP, and each kind has its signature features that serve different purposes.

SPC Vinyl Tiles With Color And Pattern
SPC vinyl tiles with plenty of color and pattern choices.

The table below will show brief information about SPC and WPC for your convenience to compare the cores.

FeaturesStone Polymer Composite (SPC)Wood Polymer Composite (WPC)
Look & styleCan mimic natural materials visually and texturallyCan mimic natural materials visually and texturally
  • 60% calcium carbonate (limestone)
  • Polyvinyl chloride
  • Plasticizers
  • Polyvinyl chloride
  • Calcium carbonate
  • Plasticizers
  • A foaming agent
  • Wood or wood-like materials (Ex: wood flour)
CostAffordableSlightly higher than SPC
Foot feelHarder underfootSoft and warm
ThicknessAround 3.2 and 7 mmAbout 5.5 to 8 mm
ApplicationCommercial applicationsResidential area
  • Resistant to scratches and stains
  • Dense stone core
  • Durable
  • Resistant to scratches and stains
  • Less dense than SPC
  • Less durable and more likely to dent
Moisture resistance100% waterproof100% waterproof

DIY friendly with interlock technology

Don't need to prepare the subfloor before installing

DIY friendly with interlock technology

Don't need to prepare the subfloor before installing
Temperature fluctuationsLose temperature quickly

Resist expansion and contraction better than WPC
Trap heat inside the core
Sound insulationAble to absorb soundAbsorb sound better than SPC

Both stone polymer composite (SPC) and wood polymer composite (WPC) have excellent waterproofing. They can replicate the appearance, patterns, and textures of natural stone and wood flawlessly.

SPC has superior resistance to dents due to its density structure of 60% limestone with zero foaming agent. In contrast, the foamed core of WPC allows more air access to the material, which makes WPC vulnerable to dents if it suffers from the serious force.

A Closer Type Of WPC Vinyl Floor
A closer look at one type of WPC vinyl floor.

Thanks to the foaming agent, WPC is a resilient and comfortable material. It provides stability and a cushion feel when walking on it. SPC, on the other hand, is stiffer and sturdier with the rigid stone core.

While WPC gives you a warm and comfortable feeling when stepping on, SPC will have a freezing touch when it comes to winter. This happens because of the wood-like material and the foaming agent inside the core of WPC.

For installing the floor at the drastic temperature areas, SPC has a more stable performance of resisting expansion and contraction compared to WPC. SPC’s hard and dense core also strengthen its durability against movement better than WPC core.

If you want your house to be quieter, consider choosing WPC core. As the core is thicker and made with foam-like substance, it helps absorb sound better than the SPC core.

You don’t have to mind the messy glues while installing because both WPC and SPC don’t require using glue to seal the floor. With the support from the interlocking technology, applying the floor takes you no effort.

Overall, both WPC and SPC have pros and cons. Depending on your need, choose a suitable core for your EVP. WPC core is an excellent choice in residential areas with pleasant feelings, while SPC core is perfect for commercial applications for its durability.

A brief comparison between WPC and SPC core is right here.

Watch this video: Differences between WPC and SPC

The Cost Of EVP

EVP is a budget-friendly option with an average price of around $4-$6 per square foot with an additional $1.50-$6 for installation. In contrast, the installation cost of engineered hardwood flooring is about $3-$8 per square foot.

Solid hardwood floors are even more expensive, not to mention tile flooring. As a result, if the price is the primary factor in your decision, EVP seems to be the most suitable choice. You can have a look at the table below for general price comparison.

Solid Hardwood
Solid hardwood is one of the most expensive wooden materials for you.
Flooring materialAverage price ($ per square foot)
Natural stone tiles5.00 - 10.00
Solid hardwood4.00 - 10.00
Wood/stone pattern ceramic tile4.00 - 6.00
Engineered vinyl plank (EVP)4.00 - 10.00

The core of your EVP could also affect the cost of the whole plank. For instance, SPC has a retail price of around 3.5-7 dollars per square foot, whereas the price of WPC is roughly 3-6 dollars per square foot.

Another factor that can affect the EVP price is the style of the plank. For example, if you choose herringbone or geometric patterns, the price could reach 14 dollars per square foot for high-quality EVP.

The same quality with simpler style effects like stone, wood, marble, metallic, and slate effects will cost around 7 dollars per square foot. It is recommended that you should pay an extra 10% of the total price for trimming when purchasing EVP flooring tiles.

EVP Vs. LVP: What Should You Choose?

Both EVP and LVP are members of the vinyl flooring family. They both share some traits, but there are specific criteria that they differ from each other. The table below shows some general differences between EVP and LVP.

FactorEVP (Engineered Vinyl Plank)LVP (Luxury Vinyl Flooring)
AppearanceVarious choices from colors and texturesPlenty of choices that replicate wood and stone surfaces
MaintenanceRequire little maintenance and cleaningRequire little maintenance and cleaning
MaterialRigid coreFlexible core
Installation and repairDIY friendly with plank interlocksRequire glues for installation
Water resistance100% waterproofWater-resistant but not in large quality
Heat InsulationCan store temperature (WPC core)Lose temperature quickly
CostHigher price than LVPLow price
Durability and flexibilityExtremely durable with SPC or WPC coreMore flexible than EVP but lower in durability
Life expectancyUp to 30 years and more10 to 20 years

Generally speaking, EVP is like an upgraded version of LVP with greater durability. EVP can fulfill some of the tasks that the original LVP can’t. With the support from either WPC or SPC core, EVP is more durable and can withstand heavy pressure.

Choose EVP Flooring
Feel free to choose any furniture you love because EVP flooring is so strong and durable.

EVP is easier to install because it doesn’t require any glues while flooring, and it is necessary to apply glue when installing the LVP floor.

Both EVP and LVP come with various choices with different colors and textures. These types of flooring are great for use in a high level of moisture area of your houses like bathroom or kitchen.

Another advantage of EVP is this material has a higher resale rating. As EVP planks are durable and have a longer life expectancy, you can reuse the material or sell them at a reasonable price.

The wear layer of EVP could reach up to 30 mm, while this layer on LVP is only 20 mm. As a result, the EVP is the better option for the area with high traffic. So, if the price is not the main factor in your buying decision, EVP is a better choice in terms of durability and stability.

Pros And Cons Of Using EVP Floorings

I will gather the advantages and disadvantages of using EVP as a flooring material. This section will help you decide whether to use this material or not.


EVP’s multi-layered structure helps it endure a large amount of pressure. The material can resist scratches and stains because of its thick wear layer. Not to mention the 100% waterproof, which will protect the subfloor from structural damage caused by moisture.

This rigid-core flooring is cheaper than natural materials and has high reselling value. Not only can you buy EVP at an affordable price, but you can also sell or reuse the old planks.

Due to the application of EIR technology, EVP can replicate the appearance yet the texture of the natural material too. This makes your floor have an authentic look from the fancy natural material.

The tongue-and-groove locking mechanism of EVP will speed up the installation duration because it is super easy to apply the planks by yourself. You can install the planks over tile, concrete, or even plywood floor.

The Tongue And Groove Locking Mechanism
The tongue-and-groove locking mechanism make the installation look so simple

Applying EVP flooring can help reduce the noise entering your house. The SPC, or especially WPC core, will absorb the sound, creating a quiet and peaceful living area for you. Thanks to these rigid cores, the floor won’t make any sounds when you walk on them.

Plus, you don’t have to worry about maintaining the floor; a simple sweep and mop with water will keep the EVP planks sustained for decades.


Some manufacturers produce EVP that contains a high amount of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) (1). Low-price EVP flooring will be more likely to emit VOCs and harm your family’s health.

Therefore, always choose the manufacturer that produces low-VOC EVP planks. Also, the PVC content of the rigid-core flooring can cause environmental pollutants.

Direct sunlight can damage vinyl material surfaces (2). The protective wear layer might protect the material from ultraviolet rays, but discoloration is unavoidable. So, don’t install EVP in areas that have lots of sunlight.

If there is any damage to the EVP plank, you have to replace it. Makeover methods like staining, sealing, and sanding will not work on this material.

I am amazed by the performance of EVP right now!

Watch this video: CoreLuxe Engineered Vinyl Plank

Are There Any Alternatives To EVP Flooring?

Sure, besides EVP flooring, some materials are suitable for your house. Let’s check them out!

Tile Flooring

When you need an extremely durable flooring material, tile flooring should be the first option that pops up in your mind. This classic material is stiff, resistant to water, stains and can endure many types of damages.

Basically, anywhere in your house could apply tile flooring, but the most common applications are bathrooms and kitchens. Tile flooring doesn’t have as many colors and models as EVP.

Wook look tile seems to be a nice choice for your house.

Watch this video: Buy Wood Look Tile Or Large Format Tile

Tiles’ surfaces will be cold and freezing in the winter, so you might need to install a floor heating system if cold weather usually occurs in your area. Installing tile floorings is quite challenging and requires a lot of skillful techniques to apply them successfully.

Another notice is that the tiles’ surfaces could be slippery, so it could be dangerous for children and pets running around.

Laminate Flooring

Both laminate and EVP are pretty easy to install with the click-and-clock installation. Laminate planks can be applied over the existing flooring without causing any damages.

However, laminate is not entirely resistant to water, so this material can not replace EVP in high moisture level areas.

EVP has a higher cost compared with laminate, laminate floors are one of few types that are cost-efficient.

Should I choose laminate flooring?

Watch this video: 7 Advantages of Laminate Flooring

Engineered Hardwood Flooring

Engineered hardwood flooring is made by adhering natural hardwood to several core types. This makes the material even more durable than EVP. Engineered hardwood flooring is able to endure pressure from high traffic areas.

The solid wood veneer at the top layer makes the material have the fancy and flawless look of natural wood. The material comes in different styles, such as hickory, oak, and maple.

The life expectancy of engineered hardwood flooring can reach up to 40 years. So you could enjoy the material without worrying about replacing it with a new one.

Let’s learn about engineered hardwood flooring!

Watch this video: Engineered Hardwood Flooring

Can I Install Rigid Core Luxury Vinyl?

If you want to install the EVP flooring yourself, the procedure is straightforward. Here are some vital notes on how you should install the material.

Acclimation is not required before installing the EVP planks; you can apply the material immediately when it arrives at your house.

Always prepare the subfloor. EVP can only be installed perfectly on the even subfloor, clean and dry subfloor. Although glue is not necessary for applying EVP, you need to ensure the subfloor meets the suggested requirements before conducting any installation.

Highly wet areas like wet rooms or steam rooms are not recommended for installing rigid core flooring. EVP can sustain the hydronic radiant heating systems of the concrete floor with a temperature below 85°F (30°C).

A floating floor method is commonly applied because of its convenience. However, if you plan to install EVP under the area exposed to a lot of sunlight, consider using the glue-down method.

A detailed instruction on how to install the EVP flooring perfectly.

Watch this video: Install Engineered Vinyl Plank Flooring

5 Easy Ways To Maintain EVP Flooring

Proper maintenance helps lengthen the expected lifespan of EVP flooring. So I will advise you of some practical methods to clean EVP thoroughly. Don’t worry! They are pretty simple.

You can use pH-neutral detergent to clean EVP flooring and prolong the quality of the material. Ask the flooring manufacturer for the cleaning product that is suitable for your EVP flooring before using it. Don’t apply oil or wax polish on the material.

A quick vacuum/sweep and wet mop will do the trick. As EVP requires little maintenance, vacuuming, or sweeping the dust out of the floor. Then, cleaning with a damp mop will be sufficient to keep the floor clean.

Mop Your Floor Frequently
Mop your floor frequently to clean and sustain the quality of the planks.

Always avoid direct contact with a large amount of water. Although EVP flooring is waterproof, exposure to too much water like flood or hurricane will harm the material. So, remove spills and splashes immediately with a mop to maintain the surface.

Try using felt pads or casters for your furniture’s legs or bottom and place rugs in high traffic areas to reduce heavy furniture’s force.

You should avoid direct sunlight to your EVP flooring. The UV rays from the sun could discolor the material. Install blinds and drapes in your room to block the sunlight and prevent them from reaching the EVP flooring.


Hey! Here are some related questions that might solve your wonders. Check them out right now!

What is EVP herringbone flooring?

EVP herringbone flooring is a classic style of flooring that provides a classic look to your house. You can realize this style by arranging rectangles to form a ‘V’ shape between each EVP plank.

Are EVP floorings and laminate floorings the same?

No, they are totally different. EVP is mainly made from synthetic vinyl material, while laminate contains natural wood-like material. EVP is thicker and more durable than laminate.

Does EVP flooring need underlayment?

The material does not require any underlayment while installing. You can add a layer of underlayment on the subfloor to cover any imperfections, absorb noise and protect the subfloor from moisture.

How can I clean EVP plank floors?

Initially, pick up any dust and dirt on the floor with a broom or a vacuum. Then, create a solution of warm water and dish detergent and scrub on any stained areas. Finish the cleaning process with a clean mop.

How can I cut EVP?

You can use a utility knife to cut the EVP floor easily. Always measure and mark the section that you want to cut. Now, cut the EVP floor with the utility knife. You should use a framing square to lead your blade. Finally, snap off the excess vinyl plank.

How to cut vinyl plank flooring easily.

Watch this video: Cut Vinyl Plank Flooring

Choose Flooring Material Widely

You have to consider plenty of vital aspects before choosing any material as a floor for your house. EVP has excellent durability, yet along with some downsides. Ensure that the material meets your needs not to waste any money.

Do you know any interesting facts about EVP? How do you feel about the material? Let me know your opinion in the comment section. Have a good day!

What Is Evp Flooring


  1. Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. 2021. Volatile Organic Compounds
  2. Images.homedepot-static.com.

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Kevin Jones

Kevin Jones

Home Cleaning Specialist

Expertise: In-depth Knowledge of Cleaning Agents and Their Uses, Advanced Home Sanitization, Techniques Expertise in Cleaning and Maintaining, Various Floor Types, Innovations in Home Cleaning Tools

School: American College of Home Economics

Kevin Jones is a seasoned home cleaning specialist with over a decade of experience in the industry. A stickler for cleanliness and organization, Kevin brings a systematic and innovative approach to home maintenance. His expertise ranges from traditional methods to modern cleaning technology, ensuring homes are not just clean but healthy environments too.

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